Frank Frazetta, the fantasy painter and illustrator
whose images of sinewy warriors and lush vixens graced paperback
novels, album covers and comic books for decades and became something
close to the contemporary visual definition of the sword-and-sorcery
genres, died Monday after suffering a stroke the night before. He was
Frazetta had gone out to dinner with his daughters Sunday and then had a stroke at his home in Boca Grande, Fla. He died at Lee Memorial Hospital in Fort Myers, Fla., his manager Rob Pistella told The Associated Press.
"He's going to be remembered as the most renowned fantasy illustrator of the 20th century," Pistella said.
Frazetta's most famous works were in oil, but his
canvases were rarely seen in museums; instead his legacy was defined by
barbarians and warlocks who reached out to readers from book covers on
dime-store spinner racks. But, as comic books and fantasy entertainment
gained a wider audience in the 1970s and '80s, Frazetta became a brand
name and his original artwork became a sensation. Last November, one of
his pieces, a berserk battlefield image that graced a "Conan the
Conqueror" paperback, sold for $1 million to a private collector.
John Milius, the screenwriter whose credits include "Apocalypse Now," "Clear and Present Danger" and "Red Dawn,"
was the director and co-writer of "Conan the Barbarian," the 1982 film
that was based on the warrior character created by pulp writer Robert E. Howard
in 1932. Milius said Monday that it was Frazetta's muscular paintings
of Conan that defined the character for him and modern generations of
"Not that I could ever redo Frazetta on film — he
created a world and a mood that are impossible to simulate — but my
goal in 'Conan the Barbarian' was to tell a story that was shaped by
Frazetta and Wagner," Milius said.
Frazetta was born in Brooklyn, N.Y., on Feb. 9, 1928. By age 8, he was studying at the Brooklyn Academy of Fine Art. One of his key influences was Hal Foster, the great comic-strip artist whose "Tarzan" became a compass point for Frazetta's own jungle scenes.
By 16, Frazetta was working in the booming field of illustration in New York. He toiled under Al Capp
on "Li'l Abner" and on his own strip with "Johnny Comet" in the early
1950s. In comic books, he worked on "The Shining Knight" and a Western
hero called "Ghost Rider," but his fame would come with a paintbrush
and in a more sensual sector when, in the 1960s, he began painting
covers for paperbacks and magazines.
It was his covers for the "Conan" paperbacks of the
1960s, especially, that created a new overheated vision of fantasy
realms. Later in life he told an interviewer that he didn't find his
strange beasts, sullen warriors or buxom maidens in the text of the
books he fronted with his art.
"I didn't read any of it," Frazetta said. "I drew
him my way. It was really rugged. And it caught on. I didn't care about
what people thought. People who bought the books never complained about
it. They probably didn't read them."
Perhaps, but the readers of those Conan books — as
well as the "Tarzan" and "John Carter Warlord of Mars" novels that
Frazetta famously painted covers for — said they found the words and
pictures melded with a resonant power.
Guillermo del Toro, the Oscar-nominated co-writer of
"Pan's Labyrinth," which he also directed along with the "Hellboy"
films, said that Frazetta was nothing less than "an Olympian artist
that defined fantasy art for the 20th century." The filmmaker, reached
Monday in New Zealand
where he is working on a two-film adaptation of "The Hobbit," said
Frazetta's influence is difficult to explain to people outside the
fantasy world, just as Norman Rockwell would be an elusive figure to define for someone unfamiliar with the American heartland.
"He gave the world a new pantheon of heroes," the filmmaker said by e-mail. "He took the mantle from J. Allen St. John and Joseph Clement Coll
and added blood, sweat and sexual power to their legacy .... He somehow
created a second narrative layer for every book he ever illustrated."
There were also rock album covers: Molly Hatchet, Nazareth, Yngwie Malmsteen and Wolfmother all tapped into the clanging combat and temptress imagery of Frazetta's easel.
His long, restless career took him into Hollywood
work, posters, animation, commercial art and almost every corner of
American illustration. The artist's final year had been a wrenching
one; his wife and partner, Ellie Frazetta, died last
July, setting off a dispute among the Frazetta children about the
custody of their ailing patriarch and his art collection, which by some
estimates was worth $20 million.
The quarrel reached a bizarre zenith last December when his son Alfonso "Frank Jr."
Frazetta used a backhoe to knock down a wall of a small castle-like
building that housed much of his father's premium artwork. That
building was a mini-museum that sat on the elder Frazetta's farm in the
Pocono Mountains of Pennsylvania, and the bizarre invasion led to a
criminal case, although charges were dropped during a recent settlement
among the Frazetta siblings.
Besides his son Frank, Frazetta is survived by another son, William; two daughters, Heidi Frazetta Grabin and Holly Frazetta; and 11 grandchildren.
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