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Home / Articles / News / News /  Stripped of dignity
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Thursday, July 15,2010

Stripped of dignity

Women inmates call strip-search procedure demeaning, traumatizing

By Pamela White

Being strip-searched has long been a part of incarceration. But inmates at Denver Women’s Correctional Facility (DWCF) say a change in their strip-search procedure subjects them to undue humiliation and leaves some of them traumatized, particularly those with a history of sexual assault.

Boulder Weekly has received 10 hand-written letters from inmates at DWCF describing their experiences with the new strip-search procedure, which requires women to part and lift their labia and to pull back their clitoral hoods to prove that they aren’t hiding contraband in their vagina or vulva.

Some of the inmates complained that the new procedure is causing them great distress due to past trauma.

Others state that contact with and comments by a lesbian correctional officer (CO) have left them feeling demeaned. Still others write they are considering curtailing their visits with loved ones, as well as their involvement in prison programs, in order to avoid being strip-searched this way.

Inmate Krystal Voss writes, “I’ve been through daily strip searches as a condition of my job in the print shop for 2-1/2 years. It did not bother me much until the ‘new procedure’ began.

“The first time I was told to spread my labia for a search, the CO doing it grinned and acted very pleased to see my inner folds. She is apparently a lesbian and very masculine,” Voss continues. “I thought it was just her demeanor that upset me, but it continued to feel like a violation.

Each time, no matter what the CO does to give the order, I feel violated, anxious and humiliated.

I am one of the few who has never been raped or molested. I’m sure it is much worse for those who have been.”

Tanya Martin-Hayes writes that depending on which correction officer is performing the strip search, an inmate might be required to do more than part her labia; she might be required to pull back on her clitoral hood for visual inspection.

“We are being forced to submit to further humiliation, degradation and violation by staff,” she writes.

Those who refuse may face “physical force and intimidation,” as well as the loss of prison jobs, housing assignments and family visits.

One inmate writes that not only does she find the procedure “humiliating, frightening and unnecessary,” she is also concerned about hygiene issues and the possible spread of sexually transmitted infections by hand.

“There is no place to wash our hands in the strip-out room, and with the high rate of diseases such as hepatitis C and herpes in the prison population, I feel this puts us all at risk,” she writes.

Several of the letters received by Boulder Weekly were written by women who say they are victims of past sexual violence and feel further traumatized by the invasive nature of this procedure.

“I am a survivor of incest,” writes one DWCF inmate. “… [W]hen this subject is talked about, I have a near panic attack. I start crying, and I have to walk away. I haven’t experienced the new ‘strip-out’ procedure yet. My children/grandchildren are planning a special visit to see me, and I want to call them and say, ‘Don’t come.’” The inmate writes that she doesn’t want to participate in any prison program that might require random stripsearching of participants for fear of having to go through the procedure.

Several of the inmates who contacted the paper say that many of the guards are as uncomfortable with the new procedure as they are and have asked them to write up grievances about it in hopes that DWCF will return to less invasive methods of strip-searching.

According to Department of Corrections spokeswoman Katherine Sanguinetti, the procedure inmates have been experiencing since January isn’t a new procedure. However, it wasn’t being used in Denver. DWCF wasn’t being consistent with the procedure followed at La Vista Women’s Correctional Facility in Pueblo.

“There was conversation between the two women’s facilities, and everybody came into compliance,” Sanguinetti says. “Now we follow our policy very strictly, and that does not include squatting and coughing. It’s completely a visual assessment.”

She says it’s important to note that women are never strip-searched by men, nor are male inmates stripsearched by women.

She also says that if a lesbian guard were to say or do things during a strip-search that made inmates feel uncomfortable, DOC would want to know about it “absolutely.”

“If they’re not comfortable reporting it with their names, we have an anonymous tip line they can call,” she says.

When asked how guards would respond to an inmate who refused to comply with the strip-search, Sanguinetti said most likely the inmate would be cuffed and placed in an observation cell — a dry cell — where prison staff could talk to the person.

But one letter writer claims that an inmate who refused had a can of pepper-type spray held in front of her face and was told to comply or risk getting doused.

Sanguinetti defends the invasiveness of the procedure, saying it is necessary to curtail the introduction of contraband into prison. In the few weeks prior to DWCF’s implementation of this procedure, there were instances in which inmates had smuggled contraband between their labia.

“It could be cigarettes, drugs, razor blades — things like that,” she says.

Though she has never heard of women being required to pull back their clitoral hoods and could not say what a woman might be able to smuggle there, she says that, on the men’s side, male inmates are made to retract the foreskins of their penises during a strip search.

As for re-traumatizing survivors of sexual assault, Sanguinetti says DOC has mental-health staff available to work with inmates.

“Our mental health is very aware of it and very able and willing to address those issues as they come up,” she says.

But some question the wisdom of enforcing a blanket procedure on a population in which high numbers have experienced sexual trauma, suggesting that perhaps the more invasive strip search should be restricted for inmates who break rules and are at risk for smuggling contraband.

“I have had a [certain] job for three years, and in my five years that I have been incarcerated, I have been writeup free,” writes one inmate, who did not want her name published. “It is a requirement of my job, as well as having to strip out every day. I have never had a problem with that until they added the new labia lift procedure. I feel like I am being punished for following the rules. I don’t believe this new procedure is necessary for people who don’t get in trouble ever.”


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I am conflicted by this article. I agree that the strip search procedure is traumatizing and horrific for all inmates who have are subjected to it. However, the strong focus on the discomfort of a lesbian guard performing the search is unnerving. I don't disagree that there are bad and inappropriate players out there. I cant help point out the level of homophobia in city and state correctional facilities. You bring to light another topic that must be addressed and that is the level of discrimination in the correctional facilities. 



i find this type of search humiliated and degrading regardless of the sexual orientation of the guard performing the search. i think the issue with the guard was her reaction and attitude during the search. and doubt that if she was handling it professionally her sexual orientation would not matter. something needs to be done for these women. the new search procedures really don't do much to add to what was already in place--especially for inmates who are do nothing to warrant extra searching. i'm sure being in prison and dealing with the regular searches are traumatic enough for those who have been sexually assaulted or traumatized in the past, but to add this to the list it seems is sending many of them over the edge with no where to turn.



What's missing from this article about female prisoners lifting labias and clit hoods is that they are in prison for the purpose of punishment.  Part of punishment is mental.  The whole idea is that prisons serve as a deterrent.  If prisons can be made more difficult, then we could have less crime as a result of women working hard to avoid going to a place like this.