Mystery of the 20 missing men in Mexico


MEXICO CITY — It is one of the more puzzling episodes in a drug war heaped with unsolved cases: 20 Mexican men travel to Acapulco together and are kidnapped en masse as soon as they arrive.

Two weeks later, there has been no trace of the men.
Investigators have yet to announce any good leads, even though two
others from the group were not taken.

Against the backdrop of Mexico’s extraordinary drug violence, it’s tempting to write off the Sept. 30
disappearance as another grim skirmish between rival traffickers. Group
kidnappings have been a common feature of the fighting, though
generally with fewer victims.

But in the Acapulco case, the pieces don’t add up neatly.

Relatives back in the western state of Michoacan
insist they were no drug henchmen, but ordinary guys: mechanics,
students, deliverymen, an accountant, a physician. Loved ones said the
friends and co-workers saved up for months for an annual, guys-only
weekend in the seaside resort.

“None of them had any ties or relationship with any
group that is involved in illicit acts . . . and had no conflicts with
anyone, or threats of any kind,” the relatives said in a joint
statement issued shortly after the men disappeared.

Family members listed the men’s names and ages — 17
to 58 — and jobs. Nine of the missing worked in the same
wheel-alignment shop in Michoacan.

Still, it’s hard to explain why 20 law-abiding men
would be seized at gunpoint on the way to beach-side relaxation.
Authorities have made comments casting doubt that the men were mere
tourists, but have not specified a motive for the disappearances.

The outcome of the mystery matters to Acapulco, which is struggling to recover some of its former cachet and can hardly afford the image of gunmen seizing innocent visitors.

Sensitive to the effect of violence on the country’s
crucial tourism industry, Mexican officials have said the rising
bloodshed nationwide is not aimed at travelers. That has been largely
true: Even though drug-related violence has killed more than 300 people
in and around Acapulco since 2006, for instance, most of it has been far from the main tourist zone.

The missing men arrived in four cars from Michoacan,
itself a violent, drug-trafficking hot spot, and were apparently headed
to or looking for a hotel when captured. The kidnappings were reported
by one of two members of the group who split off to go to the store
when the others were seized.

A state police commander first expressed skepticism,
saying it was unusual for a group of men to go on vacation without
family members. And Zeferino Torreblanca Galindo, governor of the state of Guerrero, where Acapulco is located, was also quick to doubt.

“We assume it has to do with organized crime,”
Torreblanca said a day after the news broke. “I don’t think anyone
comes to deliberately carry out an attack on 20 tourists.”

When the families complained that officials appeared
to be blaming the victims, the authorities backed off, announcing that
checks showed that none of the missing men had criminal records.

When the men’s vehicles were recovered,
investigators found signs of a road trip — suitcases, beer, cookies —
but no weapons or contraband.

But last week, Mexico’s tourism minister, Gloria Guevara, reignited tensions when she said the missing men “didn’t fit the usual profile” of a tourist.

“A tourist usually travels with family, has a hotel
reservation, arrives directly at his hotel and fits certain profiles,”
she told a congressional committee when a question about the case came
up. Guevara stopped short of tying the men to criminal activities, but
the implication seemed clear.

Families of the men fired back, accusing Guevara of
a “lack of responsibility” and offering papers showing the group had
reserved rooms for the three-day stay in a hotel they did not publicly

“We’re very worried about our family members because
we don’t know anything about them, and now we are angry that
(officials) keep insisting that they weren’t tourists,” a relative who
identified herself only by her first name, Katia, said during a radio

Early this year, President Felipe Calderon came under fire and apologized to grieving survivors in Ciudad Juarez
after he initially said gang revenge was behind a shooting attack that
killed 15 people at a teenagers’ party. It turned out that none of the
victims had anything to do with gangs.

The Michoacan
families say they don’t want the mystery of the missing men to be
brushed aside. “What we want is to have news about them and for our
suffering to end,” Katia said.


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