A NASA spacecraft has witnessed hundreds of “superflares”
coming from sunlike stars—and the observations suggest that the trigger
for such massive outbursts remains a mystery.
On our sun, solar flares aimed at Earth can send huge amounts of energy colliding with our planet. If a flare is strong enough, it can cause a solar storm that might cripple satellites and even knock out the power grid.
Astronomers have also recorded similar but much more powerful flares
coming from a variety of stars. These superflares can be millions or
even a billion times more powerful than an average sun eruption,
packing enough energy to roast nearby planets whole.